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Leather maintenance and defects
Caring for Leather: a brief recommendation of the maintenance of leather furniture and some commonly occurring natural defects
In ancient times, humans already knew how to use leather to improve their lives, and make themselves more comfortable. Even to this day, people have yet to find a better substitution. Only natural leather is so beautiful, lively and diversified. Because leather is an animal product, every animal and every piece of fur is unique, with its own special appearance. When shopping for furniture, customers often mistaken natural marks and colorations for flaws, leading to some unnecessary misunderstandings and disagreements between salespeople and shoppers. After buying leather furniture, lack of knowledge about how to care for leather properly can shorten the lifespan of furniture. This may also lead customers to mistakenly believe that they have purchased a poor quality leather product. This section briefly discusses common knowledge about general maintenance as well as some of the characteristics of leather.

Leather is very easy to care for. However, if some basic types of care are neglected, leather may be very sensitive to certain situations.
‧Don't use stain removal agents, turpentine oil, shoe polish, or strong sanitizers to clean the surface of the leather.
‧Use specially designated materials to care for leather products.
‧Products that add to the aroma and shine of leather should be used sparingly
‧Do not frequently send the furniture back to the factory for dry cleaning or repair.

Color finished leather
  By adding an additional protective layer after aniline treatment, leather maintains its beautiful natural appearance and color. An extra layer also makes the leather very soft and easy to clean.
Daily care:
Whisk or wipe off dust, use special-purpose leather cleaning agents and avoid violent friction
Cleaning methods:
Dust - Whisk or wipe off the leather with a soft cloth.
Dirt and grime - Use special-purpose leather cleaners to get rid of the dirt and grime.
Liquid - Immediately use an absorbent towel to suck up moisture. Try not to rub the affected area in a rough manner.
Food and oil - Remove the pollutant at once. Next, use special purpose leather cleaner to remove any stains.

Aniline leather
  Aniline penetrates deep into the surface of leather without destroying the natural patterns or the naturally occurring protective layer. In this way, the unique character of each piece of leather is maintained. Thus, slight differences are noticeable in the color and luster of each piece of leather. It is possible to distinguish between natural marks and scars that may occur during the production process.
Daily care:
Because aniline leather is the closest thing to natural leather, direct sunlight should be avoided. This kind of leather should be carefully maintained. A lack of proper care could lead to discoloration and fading.
Cleaning methods:
Dust - Polish lightly with a soft or knit cloth.
Dirt and grime - Only use specially made European cleaning solutions to get rid of dirt and grime.
Liquid - Immediately use an absorbent towel to suck up moisture. Try not to rub the affected area in a rough manner. If necessary, deal with remaining stains the same as dirt and grime. However, whatever method is used, due to the natural characteristics of aniline leather, liquid cleaners are unable to wipe away stains.
Food and oil - Remove the pollutant at once. Next, use special purpose leather cleaner to remove any stains. If the stain is still there, do not take any further action.

Nubuck or Suede
  Some types of leather maintain fur patterns on the surface. The way to achieve this effect is by using the reverse side of the hide. Aniline treatment is used to maintain the softness of the leather.
Daily care:
Avoid strong and bright sunlight. Clean regularly with a vacuum cleaner. Use an eraser brush, sandpaper or a sponge to maintain the natural look.
Cleaning methods:
Dust - Remove with a vacuum cleaner.
Dirt and grime - Use a brush to scrub the affected area. Then use a vacuum cleaner to suck up the dirt and grime.
Liquid - Use a wet cloth or a dry towel to wipe up the liquid. If necessary. Just remember that the cloth should not be too wet. Wait until the leather is completely dry. Finally, use a brush to restore the original appearance.
Food and oil - Remove the pollutant at once. Again, use a wet cloth containing a medium strength cleaner to wipe the surface. Remember that the cloth should not be too wet. After the leather is completely dry, use a brush to restore the original appearance. Any remaining stain will be gradually absorbed by the leather.

Common natural characteristics of leather
  The pictures below each introduce a common natural characteristic of leather. These characteristics are not flaws. On the contrary, such qualities invoke the incomparable beauty of nature.
Each piece of leather has its own special traits. Small defects like the one shown in the picture are acceptable anywhere on the surface of the leather.
Defect:Not perfect (defect )
These are ordinary natural marks. Even docile cows have them.
Defect:Comb marks
These marks are characteristic of the neck of the cow, The simple appearance is praised by experts and has long been popular among consumers.
Defect:Wrinkles and rollovers
These are scars left behind by surgical procedures given to cows. These are usual concealed during the production process. Such scars rarely occur.
Defect:Surgical scars
These scars are the result of fights or other injuries sustained by cows. Such marks do not decrease the value of leather.
Defect:Healed wounds
These are also ordinary, natural marks. They could result from cows rubbing against fences. Or, they could be the result of cows’ natural veins.
Defect:Growth marks
These marks result from puncturing of the skin or insect bites.
Defect:Punctures or insect bites
Salt spots or sweat stains
Defect:Salt spots or sweat stains
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